Labour Mix or Gang Composition Variance arises due to change in the actual gang composition than the standard gang composition. This variance shows to the management how much labour cost variance is due to the change in labour composition.
The functional budget is one that relates to any of the functions of an organization. The number of functional budgets depends upon the size and nature of business. The following are the commonly used:
The current assets turnover ratio ascertains the efficiency with which current assets are used in a business. This ratio is strongly associated with the efficient utilization of cash, receivables, and inventory. A higher value of this ratio indicates greater circulation of current assets while a low ratio indicates a stagnation of the flow of current assets.
A flexible budget is a budget that takes into account changes in sales volume and other cost driver activities.
The budget incorporates the effects on each cost and revenue as a result of the change in activity. It determines the variability of the cost along with the level of activity, which will be then used as a control tool. The aim of this budget is to control the cost.