Labour Mix or Gang Composition Variance arises due to change in the actual gang composition than the standard gang composition. This variance shows to the management how much labour cost variance is due to the change in labour composition.
The functional budget is one that relates to any of the functions of an organization. The number of functional budgets depends upon the size and nature of business. The following are the commonly used:
A flexible budget is a budget that takes into account changes in sales volume and other cost driver activities.
The budget incorporates the effects on each cost and revenue as a result of the change in activity. It determines the variability of the cost along with the level of activity, which will be then used as a control tool. The aim of this budget is to control the cost.
A budget manual is a document that sets outstanding instructions governing the responsibilities of persons and the procedures, forms and records relating to the preparation and use of budgets and it is a booklet containing standing instructions regarding the procedures to be followed and the time schedules to be observed.