The current assets turnover ratio ascertains the efficiency with which current assets are used in a business. This ratio is strongly associated with the efficient utilization of cash, receivables, and inventory. A higher value of this ratio indicates greater circulation of current assets while a low ratio indicates a stagnation of the flow of current assets.
A ratio expresses the numerical relationship between two numbers. In the words of Kennedy and McMullen, “the relationship of one item to another expressed in simple mathematical form is known as a ratio”. Thus, the ratio is a measuring device to judge the growth, development and present condition of concern. It plays an important role in measuring the comparative significance of the income and position statement. Accounting ratios are expressed in the form of time, proportion, percentage, or per one rupee. Ratio analysis is not only a technique to point out the relationship between two figures but also points out the devices to measure the fundamental strengths or weaknesses of a concern.
Net profit is a good indicator of the efficiency of a firm. The net profit ratio or net profit margin ratio is determined by relating net income after taxes to net sales. Net profit here is the balance of profit and loss account which is arrived at after considering all non-operating incomes such as interest on investments, dividends received, etc. And non-operating expenses like loss on the sale of investments, provisions for contingent liabilities, etc.
Mwaikusa Ltd a trading company commenced business in central Kigali in 2016, preparing its financial statements to 31 October. The directors of Mwaikusa Ltd are trying to assess the financial performance and financial position of the company for the year ending 31 October 2017. The